Home|11-14 years

Children and young people have many rights, enshrined in the “Convention on the Rights of the Child”. Do you already know this document?

A very important right is the right to participate and be heard in the processes that concern you. You have the right to be heard and to say what you think and feel.

To help you get to know this and other rights better, and also the various contexts where you can be heard, you have several materials here, such as videos, podcasts with the testimonies of other young people who have already been heard and some games to relax while learning.

Some of my rights as a child or youth

The United Nations General Assembly wrote in 1989 a document called the “Convention on the Rights of the Child” and in it all the rights of children and young people are written. Countries that agree to this document have an obligation to respect all these rights. Portugal has been one of these countries since 1990.
All decisions concerning you must be taken with your best interests in mind and, therefore, based on this convention.

  • You have the right to live with a family that takes good care of you and meets your needs.
  • If your parents separate or divorce, you have the right to live with both of them on a regular basis, so that you maintain an affective close relationship.
  • You have the right to be protected from all forms of abuse or neglect. If this right is violated, even by someone who has a very close relationship with you, you should reveal it to a trusted adult and ask for help.
  • If you move in with another family or are adopted, you have the right to receive all the help so that you feel well integrated.
  • You have the right to receive all necessary health care and to live in a healthy environment.
  • You have the right to a standard of living that allows you to grow and develop all your abilities, whether physical, mental, moral, social or spiritual.
  • You have the right to education and a teaching process suited to your abilities and that will allow you to overcome any difficulties.
  • You have the right to play and rest, as well as participate in various activities, which may be of a cultural, artistic or recreational nature.
  • You have the right to be protected from all forms of sexual abuse and exploitation, whether or not it involves physical contact. Your body is yours.

And there is another very important right! Do you know what it is?

And there is another very important right!
Do you know what it is?

You have the right to freely express your opinion on issues that concern you and adults must take this into account. Your opinion is very important!

But remember! You have many rights and so do other people! You have a duty to respect other people’s rights.

Do you want to know more about your rights?

Click here!

Video of the event organized by UNICEF to celebrate the adoption of the Convention on the Rights of the Child by the UN General Assembly

UNICEF – UN Convention on the Rights of the Child

To learn more about the Convention on Human Rights, take a look at

Here

Children and young people can be heard by different professionals.

Here you have the testimonies of some of these professionals.
Get to know “who is who”!

I will be heard… now what?

I will be heard…
And now?

Here you will find several videos that help you to better understand different contexts where you can be heard.

With LGP

What is a children and youth audition?
Know the rules of the audition process!
Hearing of children and young people at the CPCJ
Hearing of children and young people in the Judiciary Police
Hearing children and young people in court
Learn to relax!
Hearing of children and young people at the CPCJ
Hearing of children and young people in Court
Hearing of children and young people in the PJ

Do you want to know what other young people say who have already been heard?

Here you can read to the testimonies of some young people who were heard in different places.

Be heard at the CPCJ

<em>Click to read.</em>

I’m Eduarda and I’m 11 years old. I was heard in a Commission for the Protection of Children and Young People because I was not going to school.
My mother leaves home very early to work and my father doesn’t take me to school. First they listened to my parents and then they listened to me. The technicians took me to a room where they usually hear only children and young people and explained to me that being heard is a right I have. I thought it was an obligation, but after all it is a right. I was also told that I have the right to education. Before asking me some questions about my life, they explained that there were no right or wrong answers, that I could ask questions too and that the most important thing was to tell the truth and everything I knew and remembered.
After knowing that being heard at a CPCJ is not the same as giving an oral presentation at school, I felt much more relaxed and confident”.

Be heard on Social Security

<em>Click to read.</em>

I’m Valentine and I’m 12 years old. My parents separated a few months ago and last week I was heard by Social Security.
The technician who works there wanted to understand how I felt about the separation and the changes that have been happening in my life. My parents no longer live together, but they are still my parents and I have the right to live regularly with each of them. Between parents and children there is no divorce! What I think is most important was that the technique helped me to understand that my opinion counts, but that the final decision is not mine.
Even though I am 12 years old, I already know that it is the court that makes the final decisions. The technician also told me that the court decides taking into account what it thinks is in the best interests of children and young people”.

Be heard in court

<em>Click to read.</em>

I’m Zuleica and I’m 12 years old. I was heard in court because, at school, I shared photos on Insta of a colleague who was in the locker room, without her knowing. In doing so, I shared my colleague’s private information without her express consent. Some colleagues saw and reported me to DT, who spoke with the Escola Segura agent. With this joke, I had to go to court.
I was heard in a very large room, which is called the courtroom, similar to the ones we see in the movies. But the judge and the public prosecutor were dressed normally, without their gowns. I was accompanied by a technician who explained to me before who was in the room and that was important for me, because I already knew what to expect.
By going through this experience, I learned that what I did was serious and that there are several professionals who are attentive so that the rights of all children and young people are guaranteed”.

Being heard in Legal Medicine (INMLCF)

<em>Click to read.</em>

I’m Juliana and I’m 13 years old. I was heard by an expert at the National Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences, because an adoption process is underway and the court thought it was important to better understand what I think and feel about this matter. I have lived in an institution for some time and I have the right to have a family that loves me and takes care of me.
Legal medicine is a place that can seem scary, but when I got there I realized that I was going to be heard in a room that made me feel comfortable. They immediately explained to me the limits of confidentiality, that is, that what I was going to say would be written down and then sent to the court, which needs information to make a decision about my life. Even knowing this, I thought I should be honest.”

Be heard at DGRSP

<em>Click to read.</em>

I’m Hugo and I’m 14 years old. I was heard at the General Directorate of Social Reintegration and Prison Services because I took something that wasn’t mine… I stole a cell phone in a store, because I really wanted that model just like my friends.
After being heard at the police station, I had to go to court and started to be accompanied by a technician from the DGRSP, who has helped me to understand that, by taking something that is not mine, I am committing a crime and violating the other people’s rights.
I also realized that the Convention on the Rights of the Child refers to the importance of creating ways to support and educate young people who commit a crime in the law. Even though it’s been a difficult situation for me and my family, I think it’s been an opportunity for me to learn to find other ways to solve my problems.”

Be heard at PJ

<em>Click to read.</em>

I’m Edilson and I’m 14 years old. I went to the Judiciary Police to talk to an inspector, because something happened in handball… the physical therapist sexually abused me.
At the PJ I was heard in a special room that exists for victims of crime and they explained to me some of my rights, which are written in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. I have the right to be heard and to participate in proceedings that concern me, and I also have the right to be protected against any form of sexual abuse or exploitation.
Although this is a very difficult subject and I got there very anxious, the inspector spoke to me in a way that helped me to relax. He wanted to get to know me and my interests, which helped me feel more comfortable and then talk about what had happened to me”.

Be heard at the CPCJ

<em>Click to read.</em>

I’m Eduarda and I’m 11 years old. I was heard in a Commission for the Protection of Children and Young People because I was not going to school.
My mother leaves home very early to work and my father doesn’t take me to school. First they listened to my parents and then they listened to me. The technicians took me to a room where they usually hear only children and young people and explained to me that being heard is a right I have. I thought it was an obligation, but after all it is a right. I was also told that I have the right to education. Before asking me some questions about my life, they explained that there were no right or wrong answers, that I could ask questions too and that the most important thing was to tell the truth and everything I knew and remembered.
After knowing that being heard at a CPCJ is not the same as giving an oral presentation at school, I felt much more relaxed and confident”.

Be heard on Social Security

<em>Click to read.</em>

I’m Valentine and I’m 12 years old. My parents separated a few months ago and last week I was heard by Social Security.
The technician who works there wanted to understand how I felt about the separation and the changes that have been happening in my life. My parents no longer live together, but they are still my parents and I have the right to live regularly with each of them. Between parents and children there is no divorce! What I think is most important was that the technique helped me to understand that my opinion counts, but that the final decision is not mine.
Even though I am 12 years old, I already know that it is the court that makes the final decisions. The technician also told me that the court decides taking into account what it thinks is in the best interests of children and young people”.

Be heard in court

<em>Click to read.</em>

I’m Zuleica and I’m 12 years old. I was heard in court because, at school, I shared photos on Insta of a colleague who was in the locker room, without her knowing. In doing so, I shared my colleague’s private information without her express consent. Some colleagues saw and reported me to DT, who spoke with the Escola Segura agent. With this joke, I had to go to court.
I was heard in a very large room, which is called the courtroom, similar to the ones we see in the movies. But the judge and the public prosecutor were dressed normally, without their gowns. I was accompanied by a technician who explained to me before who was in the room and that was important for me, because I already knew what to expect.
By going through this experience, I learned that what I did was serious and that there are several professionals who are attentive so that the rights of all children and young people are guaranteed”.

Being heard in Legal Medicine (INMLCF)

<em>Click to read.</em>

I’m Juliana and I’m 13 years old. I was heard by an expert at the National Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences, because an adoption process is underway and the court thought it was important to better understand what I think and feel about this matter. I have lived in an institution for some time and I have the right to have a family that loves me and takes care of me.
Legal medicine is a place that can seem scary, but when I got there I realized that I was going to be heard in a room that made me feel comfortable. They immediately explained to me the limits of confidentiality, that is, that what I was going to say would be written down and then sent to the court, which needs information to make a decision about my life. Even knowing this, I thought I should be honest.”

Be heard at DGRSP

<em>Click to read.</em>

I’m Hugo and I’m 14 years old. I was heard at the General Directorate of Social Reintegration and Prison Services because I took something that wasn’t mine… I stole a cell phone in a store, because I really wanted that model just like my friends.
After being heard at the police station, I had to go to court and started to be accompanied by a technician from the DGRSP, who has helped me to understand that, by taking something that is not mine, I am committing a crime and violating the other people’s rights.
I also realized that the Convention on the Rights of the Child refers to the importance of creating ways to support and educate young people who commit a crime in the law. Even though it’s been a difficult situation for me and my family, I think it’s been an opportunity for me to learn to find other ways to solve my problems.”

Be heard at PJ

<em>Click to read.</em>

I’m Edilson and I’m 14 years old. I went to the Judiciary Police to talk to an inspector, because something happened in handball… the physical therapist sexually abused me.
At the PJ I was heard in a special room that exists for victims of crime and they explained to me some of my rights, which are written in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. I have the right to be heard and to participate in proceedings that concern me, and I also have the right to be protected against any form of sexual abuse or exploitation.
Although this is a very difficult subject and I got there very anxious, the inspector spoke to me in a way that helped me to relax. He wanted to get to know me and my interests, which helped me feel more comfortable and then talk about what had happened to me”.

Games

To help you relax and learn, in a fun way.

Roulette Game
Letter Soup
True or false
Rights